DICTIONARY

A

Amarillo: Shade grown blond wrapper tobacco.
Amatista: Factory fresh sealed glass jar of 25/50 cigars. 

B

Band: The band towards the head of the cigar, which has the logo and the name of the producer. Sometimes it indicates the production year as well. It is said that, Cahtrine the Great or Spanish nobles have created it, to keep their white gloves from staining by the cigar.
Belicosso: Traditionally it was used for cigars in 5x50 pyramid format. Today it is also used for Corona or Corona Gorda vitolas as well.
Binder: The leaf that wraps the filler tobaccos.
Blend: It is the mixture of the filler tobacco, usually 4 types of leaves are used.
Bloom: This is the white powder that you can dust off, without leaving any stains on the cigar. Often mistaken for mold.
Boite Natur: Cedar box.
Bouquet: The smell that you have prior to lighting the cigar.
Box-pressed: The cigars which are rectangular rather than round.
Bulk: The tobaccos summoned together for fermentation.
Bunch: The name used for the group of tobaccos that are bunched together to form the filler part of the cigar.
Bundle: The name used for rather less expensive cigars with lower quality sold in 25 or 50 bundles.
Burros: Pile of tobacco that has been removed of its stems for fermentation.

C

Candela: Color type of a wrapper, green. The leaves are exposed to increased heat, leaving chlorophylls in the leaf and keeping them green rather than gold or brown.
Cap: The part that you cut at the head of the cigar.
Capa: The wrapper leaf.
Case: The humidification of the leaves during rolling.
Chaveta: The tool that torcedors use to cut the leaves.
Churchill: A vitola named after Winston Churchill, one of the great aficionados of the history.
Cigarillos: The small sized cigars rolled with chopped tobacco.
Claro: The type of wrapper leaves that are shade grown and light brown.
Colorado:  The type of wrapper with light brown to reddish color.
Connecticut Broadleaf: The type of wrapper that is grown in Connecticut River Valley under the sun, mainly used for maduros.
Connecticut Shade: The type of wrapper that is grown in Connecticut River Valley under shade. One of the best quality wrappers.
Corojo: A type of tobacco, mainly used for wrappers.
Cubatobaco: The previous name of Habanos SA.
Culebra: Vitola that has been created by bundling together 3 Panetelas, which usually are 5x38 in size.

D

Diademas: A pointy end vitola with either both ends tapered or one untampered.
Double Claro: See Candela.
Double Corona: AKA ”Prominente”, a rather big cigar with 7,5-8 inch in diameter.
Draw: The draw of the cigar determines the ease of air flowing in the cigar as you smoke it.

E

Escaparates: The rooms used for the cigars to rest for couple of weeks after being rolled.

F

Fermentation: It is the biochemical process that tobacco leaves goes under in bunch after being harvest.
Figurado: Vitolas like Pyramid, Perfecto and Culebra are called this way as they are not straight in shape.
Foot: The end of the cigar that you light up. 

G

Gran Corona: A vitola that is usually has the size of 9,25 inch x 47.
Goma: An odorless vegetable based adhesive used to put on wrapper and the cap.

H

Hand Rolled: All hand made cigars are hand rolled. However, some hand rolled cigars are sometimes produced/rolled by machines until the wrapper is rolled as the final tobacco.
Hand Made: A cigar is called Hand Made, if all steps of rolling are done by hand.
Hot: If a cigar is burning too hot, it means that you are not getting the taste and the aromas properly. Hence, you may want to cool down your cigar by one puff per minute.
Head: The end that you smoke the cigar.
Hygrometer: The device that is kept in the humidor, showing the relative humidity of your humidor.
Humidor: The specially made box that you keep your cigars under appropriate conditions to enjoy them.

L

Lector (Reader): The person who reads to the roller in the galera. They choose novels or daily newspapers or magazines.
Ligero: The top leaves of the tobacco plant.
Long Filler (Tripa Larga): The premium cigars are rolled by using long fillers, meaning the leaf in one peace.
Lonsdale: Vitola measuring usually 6,75 inch x 42/44. 

M

Maduro: It is a wrapper that gets darker and darker after each fermentation process. These wrapper leaves are usually sweet in taste and aroma as they let all inperfections out during multiple fermentations.
Media Ruedas: Bundle of 50 cigars, which used to be 100.

O

Oscuro: The color of the wrapper that is one degree darker than Maduro.

P

Panatela: Usually refers to thin and long cigar.
Parejos: The general name for the straight sided cigars such as Corono, Panatela or Lonsdale.
Partidos: A quality tobacco growing region in Cuba.
Perfecto: One of the most difficult type of vitolas to roll. The cigar has both ends tapered.
Piercer: Needle like tool to open up spots on the head of the cigar.
Pyramid: A vitola with one tapered end. Towards to foot, the cigar widens its diameter.
Planchas: The wooden plates onto which tobacco is laid prior to fermentation.
Plug: It is a condition resulting in a bad draw.

R

Ring Gauge: The diameter of the cigar, measured in 1/64’’
Robusto: One of the most popular vitolas today, measuring usually around 5inch x 50-52

S

Seco: The leaves from the middle part of the tobacco plant.
Shoulder: The point of the cigar where body meets the cap.
Spill: A piece of cedar that is used to light your cigar.
Stem: The part of the leaf that is removed prior to processing tobacco.

T

Tapado: A tent put up using cheesecloth.
Torcedores: Roller.
Torpedo: Cigar with both ends tapered and with a wider diameter in the middle.
Totalmento a Mano: Hand Made.
Tubos: The cigar that are kept in aliminium tubes.
Tunnelling: A burn flaw that keeps the cigar burning inside but not on the outside.

V

Volado: The leaves from the lower part of the tobacco plant.
Vitola: The word used to describe the shape and size of the cigar.

W

Wrapper: The outer leave of the cigar.